AMATISTA - Jar filled with cigars of 50 or 25.
AROMA - The smell of a burning cigar.
BAND - Paper placed around the cigar, usually near the head, originally used to protect white gloves from tobacco stains. Merchants quickly seized the idea and began using it as a place to put their brand name. Allowing them to differentiate their cigars from their competitors.
BARREL - The body of the cigar.
BINDER - A single leaf of tobacco wrapped around the filler to hold it together.
BLEND - The mixture of tobaccos used in the cigar that provides each cigar with its unique character.
BLOOM - A harmless white film or spots on the wrapper caused by oils in the tobacco rising to the surface. This also indicates a stronger smoke. Also, called Plume.
BODY - The main or middle part of the cigar.
BOUQUET - The smell of an unlit cigar.
BOX - The container used to package cigars. Traditional styles include:
BULK - The large piles of tobacco leaves as they undergo fermentation.
BUNCH - Refers to the cigar when it consists of the filler and the binder, before the application of the wrapper leaf.
BUNDLE - Packaging method which uses cellophane overwrap on 25 or 50 cigars traditionally without bands. Bundles are usually cheaper than boxed cigars, and contain seconds of premium cigars.
CAP - The circular piece of wrapper leaf placed at the head of the cigar to secure the wrapper.
CATADOR - Professional cigar taster who determines a cigar’s qualities of aroma, taste and texture.
CHAVETA - The knife used in a cigar factory for cutting the wrapper leaf.
CHURCHILL - A large corona format cigar, usually 7 inches long with a 48 ring gauge named after Winston Churchill who liked large cigars.
CORONA - A traditionally-proportioned cigar measuring 5 1/2 to 6 inches by 42 to 44 ring gauge.
CORONA GORDA - A long robusto format 5 1/2 inches with a 46 ring gauge.
CULEBRA - An exotic cigar consisting of three panatelas that are braided together to form one cigar.
CURING - The process of removing moisture from freshly harvested tobacco.
CUT FILLER - Filler tobacco consisting of chopped pieces most common in machine-made cigars.
CUTTER - A device for clipping the end off a cigar. Some resemble scissors with curved blades; others look like small guillotines for making a straight or V-shaped notch. In addition one variety looks like a bullet and another a fountain pen, they pull apart to reveal a punch that cuts a round hole in the end of the cigar.
DEMITASSE - A small cigar around 4 inches by a 30 ring gauge.
DOUBLE CORONA - Cigar with dimensions of 7 1/2 to 8 inches by a large gauge of 49 to 52.
DRAW - The flow of smoke from a cigar. It can be too easy (hot) or too tight (plugged)
el Lector- The reader to the cigar rollers.
FERMENTATION - Sweating of the leaves as they release impurities such as ammonia, nicotine etc.
FILLER - The tobacco that makes up the center of the cigar. There are two main types of filler, short and long.
FIGURADO - A Spanish term that refers to cigars with exotic sizes, such as torpedos, pyramids, perfectos and culebras.
FLAG - An alternative to a cap. The flag method of finishing a cigar involves shaping the wrapper leaf at the head of the cigar so that it secures the wrapper. Sometimes, it is tied off in a pigtail or curly head.
FOOT - Also called the “tuck,” it’s the part of the cigar that is lit.
GALERA - The room in which cigars are rolled at the factory.
GUM - A vegetable adhesive used to secure the head of the wrapper leaf around the finished bunch.
HAND - Individual leaves of tobacco that are hung together after harvest and tied at the top. These hands are piled together to make a bulk for fermentation.
HANDMADE - A cigar that is bunched, bound and wrapped entirely by hand.
HAND-ROLLED - A cigar made entirely by hand with high quality wrapper and long filler.
HEAD - The end of the cigar that is placed in the mouth.
HOT - A cigar which has a quick, loose draw. This is caused by the cigar being underfilled. It is usually accompanied by harsh flavors.
HUMIDOR - A box (but actually an environment) used to store or age cigars. Like a wine cellar, the box is fitted with devices to control temperature and humidity. The ideal environment should be 21C and 70% relative humidity.
LIGERO - One of three types of filler tobacco. This aromatic tobacco adds body to a cigar blend. Ligero means light in Spanish.
LONG FILLER - Whole leaves selected and rolled by hand to create a looser and easier draw of smoke.
LONSDALE - A cigar typically 6 1/4 inches by a 42 or 44 ring gauge.
MACHINE MADE - Cigars made entirely by machine. Heavier weight binders and wrappers are generally used and cut filler is used in place of long filler.
MOLD - The device used in making cigars that gives shape to a finished bunch. Also, a fungis, which is potentially damaging, that forms on cigars when they are stored at too high a temperature.
OLEORESINS - Oils and resins found in tobacco that give it its smoking qualities.
PANATELA - A widely-varying cigar format ranging from 5 to 7 inches with a gauge from 34 to 38.
PERFECTO - A cigar with a rounded head and a closed foot.
PETIT CORONA - A short corona format usually 4 1/2 inches by a 40 ring gauge.
PLUG - A tight spot in a cigar that prevents a proper draw.
PREMIUM CIGAR - A high grade cigar made by hand from 100% tobacco long leaf filler.
PURO - A cigar whose filler, binder and wrapper come from the same country.
PYRAMID - A cigar with an open foot and a tapered head.
RING GAUGE - The diameter of a cigar is referred to as the ring gauge. It is a measurement equal to 1/64 of an inch. A 64 ring gauge would be one inch in thickness and a 32 ring gauge would be 1/2 inch thick.
ROBUSTO - A short churchill format typically 5 to 5 1/2 inches by a ring gauge of 50.
ROLLER - Highly skilled artisans who apply the wrapper to the bunch.
SECO - Spanish meaning “dry”. This filler contributes aroma and is of medium-body.
SHADE GROWN - Tobacco, usually the wrapper leaf of a cigar. For mildness, the wrapper is grown under tents and is not exposed to sunlight.
SHADE LEAF - Tobacco grown under a canopy or tent producing a thinner, more elastic leaf used in the wrapper.
SHORT FILLER - Chopped scraps of leaves hand-rolled, but more likely machine-rolled, to create a tight hard draw of smoke.
SMOKING TIME - A 5-inch cigar with a 50 ring gauge, such as a robusto, should provide anywhere from 20 to 30 minutes of smoking pleasure. A double corona, a 7 1/2-inch cigar with a 50 ring gauge, may give over an hour’s worth of smoking time. A thinner cigar, such as a lonsdale, smokes in less time than a cigar with a 50 ring gauge.
SUN GROWN - Tobacco which is grown in direct sunlight. This creates thicker veins and a thicker leaf.
TOOTH - Small bumps which texture the wrapper on a cigar.
TORCEDOR -Title earned by the master cigar rollers.
TORPEDO - A cigar with a closed head and a closed foot.
TUBO - A cigar that is placed in a tube. Most tubes are aluminum while some are glass.
TUBIDOR - A sturdy plastic cigar tube that will screw closed and safely hold your cigar when heading out for the night or weekend.
VEINED - The rib of the tobacco leaf. A quality cigar should not be too veined.
VOLADO - A type of filler tobacco chosen for its burning qualities.
WRAPPER - The outermost tobacco leaf of the cigar.